PUBLICATIONS

Journal Publications
29. Anawati, J., Azimi, G., “Recovery of scandium from Canadian bauxite residue utilizing acid baking followed by water leaching,” Waste Management,95, 549–559, (2019). doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.06.044.
28. Zhang, J., Anawati, J., Yao, Y., Azimi, G.,“Aerio-metallurgical extraction of rare earth elements from NdFeB magnets utilizing supercritical fluids,” ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 6, 16713-16725 (2018). doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.8b03992.
27. Anawati, J., Lambert, A., Walawalkar, M., Tam, J., Azimi, G., “Innovative application of microwave treatment for recovering of rare earth elements from phosphogypsum,” ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering, 6, 16471-16481 (2018) doi:1021/acssuschemeng.8b03588Featured article on the Cover…
26. Kim, J., Anawati, J., Azimi, G., “Matrix complexity effect on platinum group metals analysis using inductively coupled plasma optical emission spectrometry,” Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry,33, 1310-1321 (2018). doi:10.1039/C8JA00158HFeatured article on the Cover…
25. Shahini, S., Judge, W.D., Tam, J., Azimi, G., “Design, fabrication, and characterization of porous yttria-stabilized zirconia ceramics for hot gas filtration applications,” Advanced Engineering Materials, 1700941, 1-10 (2018). doi:10.1002/adem.201700941Featured article on the Cover…
24. Yao, Y., Farac, N.F., and Azimi, G., “Supercritical Fluid Extraction of Rare Earth Elements from Nickel Metal Hydride Battery,” ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 6, 1417-1426 (2018). doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b03803.
23. Tam, J., Palumbo, G., Erb, U., and Azimi, G., “Robust Hydrophobic Rare Earth Oxide Composite Electrodeposits,” Advanced Materials Interfaces 4, 1700850 (1-11) (2017), doi: 10.1002/admi.201700850.
22. Reid, S., Tam, J., Yang, M., and Azimi, G., “Technospheric Mining of Rare Earth Elements from Bauxite Residue (Red Mud): Process Optimization, Kinetic Investigation, and Microwave Pretreatment,” Scientific Reports 7, Article number: 15252 (2017), doi:10.1038/s41598-017-15457-8.
21. Ang, C.A., Zhang, F., and Azimi, G., “Waste Valorization Process: Sulfur Removal and Hematite Recovery from High Pressure Acid Leach Residue for Steelmaking,” ACS Sustainable Chemistry and Engineering 5, 8416-8423 (2017). doi: 10.1021/acssuschemeng.7b02245.
20. Judge, W.D., and Azimi, G., “Thermodynamic Investigation of the Reduction-Distillation Process for Rare Earth Metals Production,” JOM 69, 1987-1991 (2017). doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11837-017-2473-9.
19. Judge W. D., Allanore A., Sadoway D. R., and Azimi G., “E-logpO2 Diagrams for Ironmaking by Molten Oxide Electrolysis.” Electrochimica Acta 247, 1088-1094 (2017). doi: http://doi.org/10.1016/j.electacta.2017.07.059.
18. Walawalkar, M., Nichol, C., and Azimi, G., “An Innovative Process for the Recovery of Consumed Acid in Rare-Earth Elements Leaching from Phosphogypsum,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 55, 12309−12316 (2016). doi: 10.1021/acs.iecr.6b03357.
17. Walawalkar, M., Nichol, C., Azimi, G., “Process investigation of the acid leaching of rare earth elements from phosphogypsum using HCl, HNO3, and H2SO4”, Hydrometallurgy, 166, 195-204 (2016) doi:10.1016/j.hydromet.2016.06.008.
16. Cai, Y., Coyle, T. W., Azimi, G., Mostaghimi, J, “Superhydrophobic Ceramic Coatings by Solution Precursor Plasma Spray” , Nature Scientific Reports, 6, 24670 (2016).
15. Stoerzinger,  K. A., Hong, W. T., Azimi, G., Giordano, L., Lee, Y.-L., Crumlin, E. J., Biegalski, M. D., Bluhm, H, Varanasi, K. K. & Shao-Horn, Y. “Reactivity of Perovskites with Water: Role of Hydroxylation in Wetting and Implications for Oxygen Electrocatalysis“, Journal of Physical Chemistry C, 19, 18504–18512 (2015).
14. Khan, S. Azimi, G., Yildiz, B. & Varanasi, K.K. “Role of surface oxygen-to-metal ratio on the wettability of rare-earth oxides,” Appl. Phys. Lett., 106, 061601 (2015).
13. Azimi, G., Kwon, H. & Varanasi, K.K. “Superhydrophobic surfaces by laser ablation of rare-earth oxide ceramics,” MRS Communications, 4, 95-99 (2014).
12. Azimi, G., Cui, Y., Sabanska, A. & Varanasi, K.K. “Scale-resistant surfaces: fundamental studies of the effect of surface energy on reducing scale formation,” Applied Surface Science, 313, 591-599 (2014).
11. Subramanyam, S.B., Azimi, G. & Varanasi, K.K. “Designing lubricant-impregnated textured surfaces to resist scale formation,” Advanced Materials Interfaces, 1, 1–6 (2014).
10. Ates, A., Azimi, G., Choi, K.H., Green, W.H. & Timko, M.T. “The role of catalyst in supercritical water desulfurization,” Applied Catalysis B: Environmental, 147, 144–155 (2014).
9. Azimi, G., Dhiman, R., Kwon, H.M., Paxson, A.T. & Varanasi, K.K. “Hydrophobicity of rare-earth oxide ceramics,” Nature Materials, 12, 315–320 (2013).
8. Azimi, G. & Papangelakis, V.G. “Mechanism and kinetics of gypsum-anhydrite transformation in aqueous electrolyte solutions,” Hydrometallurgy, 108, 122–129 (2011).
7. Azimi, G. & Papangelakis V.G. “The solubility of gypsum and anhydrite in simulated laterite pressure acid leach solutions up to 250°C,” Hydrometallurgy, 102, 1–13 (2010).
6. Azimi, G., Papangelakis, V.G. & Dutrizac, J.E. “Development of a chemical model for the solubility of calcium sulphate in zinc processing solutions,” Can. Metall. Quart. 49, 1–8 (2010).
5. Azimi, G. & Papangelakis, V.G. “Thermodynamic modeling and experimental measurement of calcium sulphate in complex aqueous solutions,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, 290, 88–94 (2010).
4. Azimi, G., Papangelakis, V.G. & Dutrizac, J.E. “Development of an MSE-based chemical model for the solubility of calcium sulphate in mixed chloride–sulphate solutions,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, 266, 172–186 (2008).
3. Azimi, G., Papangelakis, V.G. & Dutrizac, J.E. “Modeling of calcium sulphate solubility in concentrated multi-component sulphate solutions,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, 260, 300–315 (2007).
2. Seyfkar, N., Azimi, G., Ghotbi, C. & Taghikhani, V. “Application of non‑primitive MSA-based models in predicting the activity and osmotic coefficients of aqueous electrolyte solutions,” Fluid Phase Equilibria, 221, 189–196 (2004).
1. Ghotbi, C., Azimi, G., Taghikhani, V. & Vera J.H. “On the correlation of the activity coefficients in aqueous electrolyte solutions using the K-MSA model,” Ind. Eng. Chem. Res. 42, 1279–1284 (2003).

Refereed Conference Publications
15. Anawati, J., Azimi, G., “Recovery of rare earth elements and refractory metals from bauxite residue,” In Proceedings of the 36th International ICSOBA Conference, 2018, 449-457.
14. Ng, K. L., Malik, M., Azimi, G., “A New generation of rechargeable aluminum ion battery technology,” ECS Trans. (2018) 85(13) 199-206.
13. Yao, Y., Farac, N. F., Azimi, G., “Recycling of rare earth element from nickel metal hydride battery utilizing supercritical fluid extraction,” ECS Trans. (2018) 85(13) 405-415.
12. Judge, W.D., Azimi, G., “Electrochemical behaviour of iron in molten oxides,” ECS Trans. (2018) 85(4) 91-102.
11. Anawati, J., Reid, S.,Azimi, G., “Innovative and sustainable valorization process to recover scandium and rare earth elements from Canadian bauxite residues,” The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018, B. Davis et al. (eds.), Extraction 2018, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, 2715-2722.
10. Yao, Y., Zhang, J., Anawati, J., Azimi, G., “Supercritical fluid extraction of rare earth elements from NiMH battery,” The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018, B. Davis et al. (eds.), Extraction 2018, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, 2329-2334.
9. Zhang, J., Zhang, F., Azimi, G., “Efficient recovery of neodymium from neodymium-iron-boron magnet,” 2018, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Society 2018, B. Davis et al. (eds.), Extraction 2018, The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, 2018. 2609-2616.
8. Anawati, J., Reid, S., Azimi, G., “An innovative and sustainable valorisation process to recover rare earth elements from Canadian bauxite residue – synthetic oxalate precipitation study,” 2018, Y. Pontikes (ed.) In Proceedings of the 2nd International Bauxite Residue Valorisation and Best Practices Conference BR2018, 393-399.
7. Tam, J.,  Erb, U., Azimi, G., “Non-Wetting Nickel-Cerium Oxide Composite Coatings with Remarkable Wear Stability,” MRS Advances (2018),
6. Lambert, A., Tam, J., and Azimi, G. “Microwave Treatment for Extraction of Rare Earth Elements from Phosphogypsum,” The Minerals, Metals & Materials Series, Kim et al. (Eds): Rare Metal Technology 2017, Chapter 5, 1-7, 2017.
5. Walawalkar, M., Nichol, C., Azimi, G., “Leaching of rare earth elements from phosphogypsum (by-product of phosphate fertilizer production)”, In: COM2016, Rare Earth ElementsSymposium, Quebec City, QC, Sep. 11-15, 2016.
4. Walawalkar, M., Nichol, C., Azimi, G., “Sustainable processing of phosphogypsum waste stream for the recovery of valuable rare earth elements”, In: TMS2016, REWAS 2016: Enabling Sustainability through Materials Processing and Waste Valorization Symposium, Nashville, TN, Feb. 14-18, 2016.
3. Azimi, G., Dhiman, R., Kwon, H.M., Paxson, A.T. & Varanasi, K.K. “Non-wetting rare-earth oxide ceramics with applications to sustained hydrophobicity”, In: COM 2014, Symposium: Rare Earth Elements (REE) Extraction, Processing, Separation and Economics, Vancouver, BC, Sep. 28 – Oct. 1, 2014.
2. Azimi, G. & Papangelakis, V.G. “Chemical modeling of calcium sulphate phase equilibria in multicomponent electrolyte solutions,” In: AIChE Annual Meeting, Philadelphia, PA, Nov. 16-21, 2008.
1. Azimi, G., Adams, J.F., Jones, M., Liu, H. & Papangelakis, V.G. “Chemical modeling of calcium sulphate solubility in hydrometallurgical process solutions,” In: Sohn International Symposium, Advanced Processing of Metals and Materials, TMS, San Diego, CA, vol.3, pp. 416–426, Mar. 12-16, 2006.
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